What are links and symbolic links in UNIX file system?
A link is a second name (not a file) for a file. Links can be used to assign more than one name to a file, but cannot be used to assign a directory more than one name or link filenames on different computers.
Symbolic link 'is' a file that only contains the name of another file.Operation on the symbolic link is directed to the file pointed by the it.Both the limitations of links are eliminated in symbolic links.
Commands for linking files are:
What is a FIFO?
FIFO are otherwise called as 'named pipes'. FIFO (first-in-first-out)
is a special file which is said to be data transient. Once data is read
from named pipe, it cannot be read again. Also, data can be read only in
the order written. It is used in interprocess communication where a process
writes to one end of the pipe (producer) and the other reads from the other
How do you create special files like named pipes and device files?
The system call mknod creates special files in the following sequence.
Discuss the mount and unmount system calls.
The privileged mount system call is used to attach a file system to
a directory of another file system; the unmount system call detaches a
file system. When you mount another file system on to your directory, you
are essentially splicing one directory tree onto a branch in another directory
tree. The first argument to mount call is the mount point, that is , a
directory in the current file naming system. The second argument is the
file system to mount to that point. When you insert a cdrom to your unix
system's drive, the file system in the cdrom automatically mounts to /dev/cdrom
in your system.
How does the inode map to data block of a file?
Inode has 13 block addresses. The first 10 are direct block addresses of the first 10 data blocks in the file. The 11th address points to a one-level index block. The 12th address points to a two-level (double in-direction) index block. The 13th address points to a three-level (triple in-direction) index block. This provides a very large maximum file size with efficient access to large files, but also small files are accessed directly in one disk read.
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